In Vedic astrology, the Moon represents the feminine (Shakti- spark of life force) while the Sun is connected to the masculine energy (Shiva). The Sun is the day time, while the Moon is the night time; together, the movement of the Sun and Moon create the dance of Shiva and Shakti.
We see the Sun as the provider, while the Moon utilizes the resources offered by the Sun- the Moon is a reflection of the solar light and energy. The Sun represents father and masculine energy, while the Moon represents Mother, the Divine Feminine, or Ma.
This dynamic of mother and father, masculine and feminine, is reiterated in our Jyotish charts and expresses the dynamic of our own mother and father and the impact of this on our existence. These planetary expressions, the energies of our own experience, can be seen through the planetary relationship of Sun and Moon, as well as their expression of this relationship within the chart.
Our own experience of life is directly impacted by the expression of Sun and Moon, literally our mother and father energies. The father may give the dharma of the being, but it is the mother who nurtures and supports emotionally and psychologically. Without this support, the dharma can not and will not be fulfilled.
In the Vedic understanding of life, and how it is literally expressed in a Jyotish chart, the importance of the Moon on our experience of life is vital. Without this essential nurturing, life is met with extreme challenges and hardships. The Moon (Chandra in Sanskrit) is the intelligence and intuition of each being. It is the nourisher of life, the soma (nectar of life), the Ma/Mother within, our intuition and intelligence. The Sun is connected to our soul and the sheath that houses the soul, whereas the Moon is connected to the intelligence within the soul, the intuition available to the soul, the being, and how it will utilize this intelligence.
In Vedic astrology, the Moon is given great importance and is of equal, if not more, importance than the Sun in many regards. For if the Sun is strong, but the Moon is weak, how will the soul be nurtured and supported? Moon, or Chandra, is connected to the Mother, the nurturing quality of life, the essential intelligence of life that gives us comfort, nurturing, emotional support, our requirement for inner love and affection.
The connection of Moon to our emotions and our psychological state is not by accident since our emotional harmony is intrinsically connected to our relationship with prana, the life force. Our pranic connection (connection to life, literally) is nurtured from conception, in the womb, and then outside of the womb, after birth, by our Mother’s love and affection, her sustenance (milk and her nourishment of our being) and her ability to soothe and comfort.
It is understood in the Vedic tradition that until the age of six, a child is still extremely bonded to the mother’s energy and still experiences life in reference to mother. It is not until after age six that the child begins to energetically separate from the mother and establish their sense of being as an individual. This exemplifies the need for mother, the intimate connection we have with our mother and how much we are effected (positively or negatively) by this connection.
Though our father is an influence on our creation (and in the Vedic understanding he is the seed) it is the Moon’s qualities that are the soil. Mother offers the womb, the nurturing, the container for the seed to grow. The Mother gives the vital ingredients for sustaining life it self. Without her, we are lost, misguided and lack the ability to live. Our connection to Moon (to Ma, to mother) directly correlates to our ability to live in harmony with life and feel the support and nurturing life has to offer.
The Moon changes signs roughly every 2.5 days which correlates to the fickle nature of the Moon, the emotions, the intuition. Moon is sensitive, artistic, social and emotional in nature. Those who are highly influenced by the Moon (visible through the Jyotish chart) are individuals that are connected deeply to the emotional body and must learn to surf these inner tides in this life. For all of us, the Moon is a main influence on our well being. Without her, we are lost, misguided and without intuitive wisdom. It is important to know how your natal Moon is effecting you, what you can expect from it, and what is best practice with the karmas you've chosen in this incarnation.
Through studying your natal Moon and its relationship with the rest of your chart, you can gain more understanding of your mental/emotional body as well as your psychological and intuitive experiences. Studying the Moon transits, the phases and the lunar constellations known as nakshatras, are all vital tools of insight and understanding. The Moon is truly a gift of awareness, comfort and support when we create a relationship with her.